A CROSS SECTIONAL STUDY TO INVESTIGATE CORRELATION BETWEEN NUTRITIONAL STATUS AND INDEPENDENCE IN ACTIVITIES OF DAILY LIVING IN PATIENTS WITH CHRONIC DIABETES.

Dr. Aditya waje, Dr. Aditi Amul Sorap, Dr . Sufiyan Imtiaz Merchant

Abstract


Background-  Diabetes mellitus is a clinical syndrome characterised by hyperglycaemia (high glucose) due to absolute or relative deficiency of insulin, or both (i.e. defects in insulin secretion, insulin action or both).The main focus of the study is to identify the lifestyle of the patients, their nutritional status, and their involvement in daily functional activities.

Aim-. To study correlation between nutritional status and independence in activities of daily living in patients with chronic diabete.

Objective: Individuals with chronic diabetes face various difficulties in their day to day activity, the objective is to identify nutritional status of people with chronic diabetes and the limitations they face in their day to day activities.

Study Design- A cross sectional study design.

Method: Subjects were assessed using Diabetes Self Management Questionnaire (DSMQ), Mini Nutritional Assessment and Nottingham Extended Activities Of Daily Living. Thirty (30) individuals both sexes in the age group of 40 to 65 years, suffering from diabetes for 3 years or more and did not engage in daily physical activity were assessed.

Result: Individuals with good diabetes management and nutritional status seem to have high level of independence in the activities of daily living.

Conclusion: Level of independence in ADL in individuals with chronic diabetes depends on their nutritional status. Malnourished individuals and those at risk exhibit limitations in mobility and leisure

Keywords


Occupational Therapy, Diabetes Mellitus, Nutrition, Activities of daily living

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References


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