AN EPIDEMIOLOGICAL STUDY ON DENGUE VIRAL FEVER AND ITS CORRELATE BETWEEN THROMBOCYTOPENIA AND LEUKOCYTOPENIA IN DENGUE MARKERS AT RURAL POPULATION IN JAIPUR, RAJASTHAN.

Shanikant Singh, Rachna khatri, Bhawani Shankar Verma

Abstract


Background: Dengue or dengue fever is one of the most important mosquito-borne viral disease in worldwide distribution. The virus is the member of flavivirus group which typically is a single stranded RNA virus.

Methods: This study was conducted onSeptember 2019 to December 2019 and specimens which were received blood samples in the Microbiology lab for detection of dengue Through card method, we used the DAY1 kit by J Mitra and DENGUE DUO by SD company which is detected dengue NS1, IgM and IgG antibodies, from patients with clinical suspicion of dengue fever-like illness, who presented to the outpatient's department and indoor patients were admitted NIMS hospital Jaipur, Rajasthan. 

Results: Among 1222 patients is dengue suspected and diagnosed as 390dengue positive patients. Which is dengue Ns1 383 (95.2%), IgM 18 (4.3%) and IgG 2 (0.5%). And according to male and female as well as 294 (75.4%) & 96 (24.6%). Then age group wise more predominant 11-20 years 30.8%. Most predominant thrombocytopenia is according to platelet count less than 50000 / microliter (25.6%) were patients. Among leukocytopenia is 48.7% is dengue fever patients.

Conclusions: Present study concludes that clinical surveillance about dengue haemorrhagic fever is important as timely recognition can influence outcome and may prevent any compilations.

Keywords


Dengue, Thrombocytopenia, Leukocytopenia.

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