A STUDY TO ASSESS THE EFFECTIVENESS OF STRUCTURED TEACHING PROGRAM ON KNOWLEDGE AMONG MOTHERS OF UNDER-FIVE CHILDREN REGARDING PREVENTION OF VITAMIN A DEFICIENCY IN GOVT. PRIMARY HEALTH CENTER KAKAPORA, PULWAMA KASHMIR

Mr. Firdous Ahmad Shah, Mr. Tabashir Bashir

Abstract


Vitamin-A deficiency is seen more commonly among under five children (1-5 yrs). Vitamin-A deficiency affect the eyes. It causes “xeropthalmia” which is characterized by series of clinical signs. These  include- Night blindness, Conjuctival xerosis, Bitot-spot, Corneal ulceration, Karatomalacia and Corneal scar. Dietary deficiency of vitamin-A most commonly and importantly affects the eyes, and it can lead to blindness1.

Method : A  pre -experimental study with one group  pre-test and post- test design without was used to assess the effectiveness of structured teaching program on knowledge of mothers of under five children regarding prevention of vitamin A deficiency in Govt. primary health center Kakapora ,Pulwama Kashmir

Results:  the finding of the study with  mean pre test knowledge score  was 46.60% with standard devation 18.64±5.191. in post-test knowledge score was 88.50% with SD was 35.42± 2.142. there is increase in the knowledge level in post-test.

Conclusion: Structural teaching program was found effective in improving the knowledge of subjects


Keywords


VAD, Hence null hypothesis, vitamin-A

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References


Gulani K.K. Principle and practice community health nursing. 1st ed. Delhi: Kumar publication, 2005; 412-4.

Underwood B.A. Vitamin-A deficiency disorders, international efforts to control a preventable pox: Journal of nutrition 2004. Jan; 134 (1): 231-6.

http://www.childinfo.org/vitamina.html

Busie B, Maziya-dixon, Isaac O. Akinyele, Rasaki A, Sanusi, Tunde E.Oguntona et al. Vitamin-A deficiency is prevalent in children less than five years of age in Nigeria :International institute of tropical Agricultural.

WHO. Global prevalence of vitamin A deficiency in populations at risk 1995–2005. WHO Global Database on Vitamin A Deficiency. 2009: 1-10.


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